3 edition of Arms Races found in the catalog.
February 1, 1990 by Sage Publications Ltd .
Written in English
|Contributions||Nils Petter Gleditsch (Editor), Olav Njolstad (Editor)|
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||432|
Therefore, the snakes have a much higher advantage of being able to cope with the different frogs defensive mechanisms, while the frogs could eventually increase the potency of their toxic knowing the snakes would adapt to that change as well, such as the snakes having venom themselves for the initial attack. It was the other side who could not be trusted, and they reacted with astonished outrage when their own good intentions were questioned. Nuclear arms race[ edit ] Main article: Nuclear arms race During the Cold Waran intense period between the Soviet Union and the United States and some other countries. Deterrence would only work if it was mutual, and if both sides were sure the other could not survive a nuclear exchange. Defense As both sides continued to develop new and more powerful weapons, the fear of what would happen if war broke out spread throughout the world.
Electoral politics can, perhaps, supply another explanation. Nonetheless, cross-section and panel estimates may be useful in that they allow estimation of average interaction effects, which may allow one to calculate the costs of the spill over effects of increases in military expenditure in one country. She lives by a definite, unshakeable value system, and what she values is love. Pulitzer Center.
Gallic moose wielded twelve-foot-wide antlers, and arsinotheres had horns six feet long and a foot wide at the base. Or is the Wall just an effect, and the arms race needs to end before it can be taken down? Yet ABM would require sophisticated radar systems and its missiles would have to be deployed in huge numbers to defend a nation, and it promised to be impossibly expensive. It would thus surely make some form of negotiated limits on missile numbers possible. Expression of genetic patterns in the two species is a combination of resistance and virulence characteristics in order to have the best survival rate.
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Despite her fairly advanced pregnancy, she not only travels through the November night in an open boat but also offers to hold the umbrella so it will serve as a sail. A New Superweapon? Sure, the wall might be metaphorical, separating these two like groups—Yooks and Zooks—from a friendly relationship, but it almost certainly reads as a symbol for the Berlin Wall.
An arms race may also imply futility as the competitors spend a great deal of time and money, yet end up in the same situation as if they had never started the arms race. Despite being in its infancy and having very limited reliability, it might tempt a reckless leader to gamble on surviving retaliation and launch a surprise attack.
The risks of an epidemic destroying its originators merely added to the inherent horrors of such weapons. A story that begins with biology becomes the story of all weapons, as Emlen seeks to determine where this parallel leaves us today, in a world filled with the deadliest weapons of all time-nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons of mass destruction.
When a species has not been subject to an arms race previously, it may be at a severe disadvantage and face extinction well before it could ever hope to adapt to a new predator, competitor, etc. What factors sustained the arms race for so long?
Four soldiers: biting and squirting termites, and army and trap-jaw ants. Truman, therefore, authorised the development of thermonuclear weapons, or hydrogen bombs.
Other uses[ edit ] An evolutionary arms race is a system where two populations are evolving in order to continuously one-up members of the other population. Excesses of the Nuclear Arms Build-Up The question addressed by peace campaigners, of how much deterrence was needed, was addressed by government and military institutions on both sides.
This is a common problem in isolated ecosystems such as Australia or the Hawaiian Islands.
This defensive system was Arms Races book to intercept and destroy ICBMs in flight. After a series of mishaps and failures, the United States successfully launched its first satellite into space on January 31,and the Space Race continued as both countries researched new technology to create more powerful weapons.
Pulitzer Center. Stockpiles of fearsome weapons were built up to levels far beyond any conceivable purpose, and only seemed to add to the uncertainty and instability of the age.
In the early s both sides realized that something had to give. The Soviets followed up by exploding their first hydrogen bomb in This had set it off. Our second general conclusion is that globalization means that one cannot confine attention to a bivariate interaction between two countries without taking account of the wider strategic context.Nuclear Arms Race Part of the Einstein exhibition.
but in the Soviet Union exploded an atomic bomb and the arms race began. Both countries continued building more and bigger bombs. Inthe United States tested a new and more powerful weapon: the hydrogen bomb. The Soviet Union followed with its own version in Arms races and military power --The superpower strategic balance --The spread of nuclear weapons --The arms race in space --Nuclear weapons in Europe --The European central balance --The chemical arms race --Arms control and disarmament --Responsibility: Michael Sheehan.
Downloadable (with restrictions)! Arms races - enduring rivalries between pairs of hostile powers, which prompt competitive acquisition of military capability - appear to be a pervasive phenomenon.
From the past Cold War competition, between the US and the USSR, to present regional antagonisms, such as India and Pakistan, arms races remain a matter of continuing concern. Summary and Analysis Book Two: Chapter XX Summary Lieutenant Henry and Catherine Barkley attend the horse races with Helen Ferguson and Crowell Rodgers, the American soldier wounded when he tried to retrieve a souvenir, as well as Mr.
and Mrs. Meyers. esize the causes and effects of arms races, from the famed Dreadnought race 6 | Understanding the Arms “Race” in South Asia Nuclear-Capable Missile Tests as a Measure of Arms Racing Indian and Pakistani nuclear developments are the main cause of arms race concerns.
Ideally, the best measure of whether the two are in fact in a classic. An arms race occurs when two or more nations participate in interactive or competitive increases in "persons under arms" as well as "war material". Simply defined as a competition between two or more states to have superior armed forces; a competition concerning production of weapons, the growth of a military, and the aim of superior military technology.